Health Consequences of smoking

On January 11, 1964, Luther L. Terry, MD, 9th US Surgeon General, released its first report on the health consequences of smoking: Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee Surgeon General of the Public Health Service. The report marks a major and one of the first steps to reduce the negative impact of tobacco use in the world of health.

Over the past 50 years, reports 31 Surgeon General has been collected and evaluated the best evidence available to expand our understanding of the health consequences of smoking and involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke. The conclusion of this report have evolved from some causal association in 1964 for a strong body of evidence documenting the health consequences of both active smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke in a variety of diseases and organ systems.

2004 report concluded that smoking affects nearly every organ of the body, and the evidence in this report provides more support for the findings. Fifty years after the release of the first report, we continue to add to the long list of diseases caused by tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke. This report findings that active smoking is now causally associated with age-related degeneration macula, diabetes, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, adverse health outcomes in cancer patients and survivors, tuberculosis, erectile dysfunction, orofacial clefts in infants, ectopic pregnancies, rheumatoid arthritis , inflammation, and impaired immune function. In addition, exposure to cigarette smoke has now been causally associated with an increased risk of stroke.

Smoking remains the major preventable cause of premature illness and death in the United States. science contained in this and the Surgeon General’s report before giving all the information we need to save future generations from an early disease burden caused by tobacco use. (Would like to add additional text of the final chapter after chapter is cleared.) It is my sincere hope that 50 years from now we do not need a report of the Surgeon General else on smoking and health, due to diseases related to tobacco and death will be something from the past. Working together, we can make this vision a reality.

We know what works to prevent tobacco use among young people. Science contained in this and other Surgeon General’s report provides us with the information we need to prevent suffering need early disease caused by tobacco use and save millions of lives. By strengthening and continuing to build on effective policies and programs, we can help make our next generation tobacco free.

Boris D. Lushniak, M.D., M.P.H. Admiral, US Public Health Service Acting Surgeon General of the US Department of Health and Human Services. , ,

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